2) Biologic therapy
Tumor Necrosis Factor inhibitors
Biologic therapy is a type of treatment used to treat autoimmune diseases such as psoriatic arthritis. One of the most common biologic therapies used to treat psoriatic arthritis is Tumor Necrosis Factor (TNF) inhibitors.
TNF inhibitors work by blocking the action of the protein TNF-alpha, which is a key player in the immune system’s inflammation response. This helps to reduce the amount of inflammation in the body, thus reducing joint pain and stiffness and improving physical function.
TNF inhibitors are typically prescribed as a long-term medication and are often used in combination with other medications and lifestyle changes. Common side effects of TNF inhibitors include headaches, nausea, and fatigue. Patients must also be monitored for potential infections, as the TNF inhibitor may weaken the immune system. Other biologic medications, such as interleukin inhibitors, may be prescribed for those who do not respond to TNF inhibitors.