What is Skin Cancer (Melanoma)? Types, Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Skin cancer is an umbrella term for any malignant growth in the skin. It is the most common form of cancer in the United States, but most types of skin cancer are preventable and not dangerous. Melanoma, the most severe skin cancer, accounts for approximately 75% of skin cancer-related deaths. Unlike other types of cancer, it can spread quickly to other body parts and is often fatal if not detected and treated early.

Early detection is key to the successful treatment and survival of skin cancer. It is essential to be aware of skin changes and monitor suspicious moles or other marks. That’s why in this article, we’re focusing our attention on the most dangerous type of skin cancer and giving you the information you need to recognize the signs and symptoms and start early treatment.

Types of Skin Cancer

There are three main types of skin cancer: melanoma, basal cell carcinoma, and squamous cell carcinoma.

Melanoma is the most serious form of skin cancer. It develops in the cells that produce melanin. While it accounts for only 2% of skin cancer cases, it causes most skin cancer deaths.

Non-melanoma skin cancer is the most common form of skin cancer, accounting for around 95% of all skin cancer cases. This type of skin cancer is usually caused by long-term exposure to ultraviolet radiation in the sun, and it can occur at any age. Non-melanoma skin cancer includes basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. They usually appear as a scaly red patch, a sore that won’t heal, or a raised growth on the skin.