Knee osteoarthritis is one of the most common forms of arthritis. It causes a lot of pain, stiffness, and joint damage, which worsens over time if you do not give a solution to the problem. The condition usually occurs in middle-aged and older adults, but since one of the causes is post-traumatic damage, it can also happen in younger patients, especially after a sports injury.
Some factors that increase your risk of developing knee osteoarthritis include being overweight and suffering from another type of arthritis, such as gout or rheumatoid arthritis. It is also increasingly common as we age, and other causes include congenital knee problems and occupational causes.
Treatment of knee osteoarthritis varies depending on the severity of the symptoms. Mild cases are generally treated with painkillers, rest, and physical therapy, but more severe cases may need surgery. Several non-surgical treatments can help relieve the symptoms, including anti-inflammatory drugs, weight loss, and injection of steroids into the joint.