5) Renal tubular acidosis
Renal Tubular Acidosis (RTA) is a kidney disorder that occurs when the kidneys fail to excrete acid from the body, resulting in acidosis. It is a disorder of the tubules in the kidneys, which are responsible for removing acid from the body. This leads to an accumulation of acid in the blood and can cause various symptoms, such as nausea, vomiting, muscle weakness, and bone pain. In some cases, it can also lead to kidney stones.
RTA can be treated with medications such as diuretics, bicarbonate supplements, and acid blockers. In some cases, surgery may be needed to repair the defective tubules. Maintaining a healthy diet and lifestyle is essential to reduce the risk of developing RTA and kidney stones. Regular check-ups with a doctor are also recommended to monitor the condition and determine if any treatment is needed.