Bone marrow cancer is a type of blood cancer that occurs when cells found in the bone marrow start to grow uncontrollably. There are different types of cells here, including plasma cells. Without treatment, these abnormal cells can grow out of control and form a tumor mass. The tumor can grow and spread to other organs and tissues.
However, there are two main types of bone marrow cancer, They are leukemia and multiple myeloma. Each has its features and distinctive elements. The treatment is similar, but even though it has many coincidences, there are differences we should highlight and they depend on each patient.
In this article, we will take a look at the most critical information about each condition. First, we will cover leukemia in general and take a look at the different types. Then, we will talk about multiple myeloma and other types of plasma cell cancer.
What is leukemia
Leukemia is cancer affecting the blood cells and bone marrow. It is a malignant disease caused by an uncontrolled proliferation of white blood cells in the bone marrow.
Leukemia is a severe and potentially life-threatening condition that requires prompt diagnosis and treatment. With early diagnosis and treatment, many people with leukemia can go on to lead a normal life. It is crucial to speak to your doctor if you have any symptoms of leukemia or if you have any concerns.
Types of leukemia
There are four main types of leukemia, each classified by the type of white blood cell affected and the rate at which it progresses. Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is the most common type of adult leukemia and is an aggressive disease that progresses quickly. Acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) is the most common type of childhood leukemia and typically progresses slowly. Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is a slower-progressing leukemia form mainly affecting adults. Finally, chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is the most common type of chronic leukemia in adults and progresses slowly.
Is leukemia a curable disease?
While there is no known cure for leukemia, treatments are available to help manage the symptoms, slow the progression of the disease, and potentially lengthen the patient’s lifespan.
Recent advances in treatments and therapies have made it possible to trigger remission of some forms of leukemia. In particular, acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) have seen the greatest success rate in terms of cure. While treating these cancers can be difficult, they can lead to remission. They can provide patients with a much better quality of life.
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